The NSA has access to the systems of Google, Facebook, Apple and other US internet giants, stop feeding them your information!
The National Security Agency has obtained direct access to the systems of Google, Facebook, Apple and other US internet giants, according to a top secret document obtained by the Guardian.The NSA access is part of a previously undisclosed program called Prism, which allows officials to collect material including search history, the content of emails, file transfers and live chats, the document says.

The program facilitates extensive, in-depth surveillance on live communications and stored information. The law allows for the targeting of any customers of participating firms who live outside the US, or those Americans whose communications include people outside the US.It also opens the possibility of communications made entirely within the US being collected without warrants.

Stop giving your information to the companies that are directly involved in NSA's unconstitutional wiretapping!
There are many private and secure alternatives out there, I will try to add as much of them as possible here.

Search:
Startpage has exactly the same results as Google without privacy concerns
DuckDuckGo a bit different but has some very useful features and privacy worry free

Ixquick high quality meta-search engine without any privacy concerns
Maps:
OpenStreetMaps a collaborative maps project
Email:
StartMail the private email service being developed by StartPage

VFEmail free and paid email services

ShazzleMail free secure email service

Lavabit private free and paid e-mail account
iCloud/Google Sync for Calendar and Contacts
Fruux securely synchronizes contacts and calendars with multiple devices
Private notes
Privnote allows you to share a private note via a web link that will self-destruct
Microsoft Office/Apple iWorks
LibreOffice open source personal productivity suite, excellent MS Office alternative
Online documents/Google Docs
Zoho Docs the only real alternative to Google Docs
Browsing
Firefox the very customizable browser

SRWare Iron a privacy minded Google Chrome alternative

TorBrowser modified Firefox version that uses the Tor anonymity network

JonDoBrowser modified version of Firefox that uses the JonDonym private network
Limit tracking instructions and add-ons
Fix Tracking by DuckDuckGo must read instruction manual on how to minimize tracking while browsing

Mailvelope browser extension that allows to exchange OpenPGP encrypted emails

Privacy tools Firefox add-ons collection
Skype/VoIP
Jitsi a multi-platform VoIP application that can use encryption

OSTEL is an secure VoIP account system that can be uses together with Jitsi

VSee video conference and screen share tool
Whatsapp/iMessage
Threema very secure and encrypted Whatsapp alternative

Wickr self destructs messages in set times

Seecrypt another secure messaging alternative
Chat/Social
Cryptocat encrypted online chatting

Glassboard private social network for groups

ChatStep private chatroom

ChatSecure secure iPhone IM/Chat app
Cloud backup/Dropbox, Google Drive, Skydrive etc.
Wuala very secure online backup and synchronization service

SpiderOak zero knowledge cloud synchronization and backup

tresorit more a traditional cloud backup service

MEGA 50 gb online backup, no apps or desktop client yet

Strato HiDrive secure cloud drive

TeamDrive synchronization service, can also be used with your own servers

BayFiles private file sharing service
Encrypting hard drives or USB drives
Truecrypt create encrypted containers
Secure apps for iPhone
Startpage app removes searches in set time intervals or whenever you close the app

DuckDuckGo app search for iPhone

Burner app disposable phone numbers

Silent Circle offers a complete secure communication package, especially useful for businesses

Onion Browser Tor secure network browser app for the iPhone

Clueful Webapp for iPhone from Bitdefender shows you how installed apps use your personal information
Secure apps for Android
DuckDuckGo app search for Android

Guardian Project has apps such as Orbot Tor for Android, Orweb Browser, Gibberbot secure IM

Whisper Systems makes apps as RedPhone for VoIP and TextSecure for private SMS texting

ANONdroid uses JonDonym to securely browse the web

Clueful app for Android from Bitdefender rates and reveals Android apps' privacy settings

F-Droid is an alternative for Google Play the app market. It offers primarily free open-source apps 

Firefox the customizable browser for Android
RSS
Digg Reader is a work in progress Google Reader alternative
Secure VPN connection, consider using this to hide your IP adress (your online identity)
Private Internet Access  very affordable and many worldwide servers to hide your IP address

SurfEasy easy-to-use VPN connection

This list is by no means complete, don't hesitate to send me a message if you have a suggestion!

More information:

http://www.infowars.com/spy-state-shock-gmail-yahoo-mail-facebook-skype-aol-apple-all-secretly-shari...

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/06/us-tech-giants-nsa-data

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/08/nsa-prism-server-collection-facebook-google

https://startpage.com/eng/prism-program-exposed.html

PRISM Slides

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/06/86-civil-liberties-groups-and-internet-companies-demand-end-ns...

Sign the petition at https://www.stopwatching.us

Companies to Support

Mozilla, inc (source) Mozilla (maker of Firefox) is actively supporting an effort of 86 bipartisan organizations to stop NSA's PRISM in Congress. Sign the petition at https://www.stopwatching.us
Startpage.com (source) Startpage and Ixquick have been great privacy supporters and offer on of the best safe searchengines out there in my opinion.

Companies to Avoid

AOL Inc. (source) Compromised AOL services include AOL Mail, Alto Mail, AOL Desktop, AIM, About.me, Huffington Post, Patch.com, MapQuest, Winamp, SHOUTcast, Moviefone
Apple Inc. (source) Apple is also included in NSA's PRISM snooping scheme. Services include: iCloud, iMessage, iTunes, iPhone, iMac, iPad, Safari, FileMaker etc. etc.
AT&T Inc. (source) Long before the PRISM scandal AT&T facilitated a secret room where the NSA was able to listen in every call
Facebook, Inc. (source) Be carefull with what you put on Facebook and Instagram!
Google Inc. (source) Google is THE worst privacy offender in the world. Not just because of NSA's PRISM. Compromised services include Gmail, YouTube, Android mobile phones, Google Chrome browser, Quickoffice, Blogger, Picasa, Snapseed, Waze etc. etc.
Intel (source) Intel's McAfee unit, which makes Internet security software, regularly cooperates with the NSA, FBI and the CIA
Microsoft Corporation (source) Spied on services by Microsoft are among others: Bing, Hotmail, Outlook, Windows, Skype, MSN
Skype Technologies S.à.r.l. (source) Skype is a part of Microsoft and thus compromised by NSA's PRISM spying
Verizon Communications Inc. (source) Verizon did not even deny spying on every customer!
Yahoo! Inc. (source) Yahoo operates NSA PRISM services such as Flickr, Yahoo Mail, Tumblr, Kelkoo, Snip.it
[ - ] djnever00 2 points,
Ghostery seems like a good add-on for browser privacy. Works on multiple browsers.
[ - ] Sephorus 1 points,
I don't see why it's such an issue. They have it to detect terrorism to stop things like 9/11. I don't mind them looking at my page. I have nothing illegal to hide.
[ - ] deucee002 0 points,
Your facts are wrong, the NSA documents are their goals, not present day reality.